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About Botswana

The Republic of Botswana is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. A mid-sized country of just over two million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world.

Botswana was one of the poorest countries in Africa when it gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1966, with a GDP per capita of about US$70 per year. Botswana has since transformed itself, becoming one of the fastest-growing economies in the world with a GDP per capita of about $16,400 per year as of 2013 and a high gross national income, possibly the fourth-largest in Africa, giving the country a modest standard of living.

Since independence, Botswana has had one of the fastest growth rates in per capita income in the world. Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to a middle-income country. By one estimate, it has the fourth highest gross national income at purchasing power parity in Africa.